Saturday, April 28, 2018

The Nitrogen Cycle Ideas Worth Thinking About and Ductor Oy Solution

The Nitrogen Cycle: Something worth considering ...

Thinking regarding just what is typically learnt about nitrogen recycling, I remembered this graph regarding the nitrogen cycle, with the bunny as well as the plants.

The nitrogen cycle is a subject that is a vital part of my researches, along with being something I am directly curious about.

Nitrogen is likewise one of the most typical gas in the atmosphere: as much as 78% of air is composed of N2, nitrogen in its aeriform type.

Nitrogen through ammonia-nitrogen (NH4) gets here to the drainage therapy plant, as well as if all goes inning accordance with prepare leaves it departures as nitrogen gas (N2).

This procedure of nitrogen elimination prevails, although I have actually constantly assumed it was not an excellent procedure since it throws away the nitrogen, back to the atmosphere rather than using it as a resource.

My point of view, and also I believe much of you would certainly concur, its seem like a much smarter strategy to catch the nitrogen in a fluid or strong type and also utilise it as a fertiliser as opposed to proactively "puff it" up in the air.

Fascinated? Currently review the complete post regarding exactly what Ductor Corp are doing, at:

the nitrogen cycle
Source for picture: Nicole S., 9.8.2012, Environmental science 2012, referenced 19.3.2018

Browse through to:

Check out the post "Nitrogen Cycle: something worth thinking of" at the Ductor Oy site, for a complete description of pre-treatment of feedstock biomass, prior to anaerobic digestion to reuse ammonia while at the very same time boosting biogas reactor efficiency enormously.

The Nitrogen Cycle, why is the nitrogen cycle vital, nitrogen cycle actions, just how does the nitrogen cycle job, nitrogen cycle representation, nitrogen cycle description, straightforward nitrogen cycle, nitrogen cycle procedure work.

Thursday, April 26, 2018

Examples of Renewable Resources - A science video for kids

Renewable resources are an important aspect of sustainability.
According to the U.S. Energy Information Administration, the most frequently used renewable resources are biomass, water, geothermal, wind and solar
Unlike fossil fuels, we can regenerate or replenish these resources. Although biomass in the form of wood once supplied 90 percent of U.S. energy needs, all renewable energy sources combined supplied only about 8 percent of in 2009.
With the rising cost and decreasing availability of nonrenewable fossil fuels, renewable resources are receiving increasing attention. ... via SF Gate.

Renewable and Non-Renewable Resources

Because fossil fuels can run out and are bad for the environment, it is important that we start switching to other energy sources, like renewable energy sources. These are energy sources that are constantly being replenished, such as sunlight, wind, and water. This means that we can use them as much as we want, and we do not have to worry about them running out. Additionally, renewable energy sources are usually much more environmentally friendly than fossil fuels. Overall, they release very few chemicals, like carbon dioxide, that can harm the environment.

Currently, less than ten percent of all the energy we use comes from renewable sources.

So, you might be wondering, 'if renewable energy sources do not harm the environment and will not run out, then why are we not using them everywhere and all the time?' It is because many of them are currently expensive to harness, are inefficient, or have other disadvantages.

For example, using energy from the wind might be great in an area that is really windy all year-round, but it wouldn't work so well in an area with very little wind. via Definition-Example

Top 10 Renewable Energy Sources

There are many sources of energy that are renewable and considered to be environmentally friendly and harness natural processes.

These sources of energy provide an alternate ‘cleaner’ source of energy, helping to negate the effects of certain forms of pollution. All of these power generation techniques can be described as renewable since they are not depleting any resource to create the energy.

While there are many large-scale renewable energy projects and production, renewable technologies are also suited to small off-grid applications, sometimes in rural and remote areas, where energy is often crucial in human development. via Top10Listverse

GCSE Bitesize: Renewable and non-renewable energy resources

Over the last 200 years an ever-increasing proportion of our energy has come from non-renewable sources such as oil and coal. While demand for energy rises these resources are running out and scientists are exploring the potential of renewable sources of energy for the future.

All life on earth is sustained by energy from the sun. Plants and animals can store energy and some of this energy remains with them when they die.

It is the remains of these ancient animals and plants that make up fossil fuels [fossil fuelFuels such as coal, gas and oil which are mined from the earth and burned to produce energy. They are formed from broken down animals and plants that died a very long time ago. ].

Fossil fuels are non-renewable [non-renewableA resource that cannot be replaced when it is used up, such as oil, natural gas or coal. ] because they will run out one day.

Burning fossil fuels generates greenhouse gases [greenhouse gasNaturally occurring gases in the atmosphere such carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide. They are believed to have increased through burning more oil, petrol, and coal. ] and relying on them for energy generation is unsustainable. via Energysources - BBC

Difference Between Renewable and Non-renewable Resources

Renewable vs Non-renewable Resources
Nature has gifted us with a lot of products without which we would not be in the conditions we are today. Today, we might say that we are “developed,” but it would not have been possible without the gifts that the Mother Earth has provided us.

Almost all types of resources from nature are used by human beings. Some resources are limitless and some are limited and will soon be extinct along with their tracks on this planet. Some might be used again while some will lie around unused and simply go to waste.

Renewable Resources
Renewable resources are those resources which can be renewed or replaced over time. Great examples of infinite, renewable resources are: wind, sunlight, tides, biomass, etc. Some of the renewable resources are supposed to have continuous supplies, such as wind energy and solar energy, while some others take a greater time in their renewal like wood, oxygen, etc.

Geothermal energy is another good example of renewable resources. It is the source of energy which is extracted from the heat which is stored under the surface of the Earth. This source is considered to be cost efficient and mostly sustainable. It is found in the form of inactive volcanic sites and hot springs. This form of energy may be utilised in heating, generating electricity, and heat pumps. Geothermal energy is a sustainable source as the hot water seeps down into the crust again.

A biomass is also considered a renewable resource if used properly. ... via RenewableResources

Friday, April 20, 2018

Biomethane News - New Era of Biomethane in Aircraft Fuel plus Tata Develops Biomethane Buses

There is no shortage of biomethane news these days.

Biomethane is simply a pure form of the raw biogas which bubbles out of the biogas digester, and it is becoming very common to build biogas plants which from the start will purify all their biogas into the much purer form known as biomethane.

This is often because most of the profits, and government subsidy from now-on, is expected to be directed at using the methane at the point of need for the energy.

Image Pixabayxusenru
Common biomethane uses are:
  • As renewable compressed natural gas in cyclinders (rCNG): for most uses you would put to any gas in cylinder for heating and propulsion.
  • As renewable compressed natural gas in cyclinders (rCNG): for road transport use (mentioned separately due to the potential massive size of this market.
  • As natural gas when injected at pressure into public gas supply networks.
Now that you know exactly what biomethane is, and what is is used for, our round-up of the recent biomethane news follows:

Biomethane News - Air Liquide doubles its biomethane production capacity

The three new biomethane production units commissioned by the Tier One player are located in the United States (Walnut, Mississippi), France (Cestas, near Bordeaux), and the United Kingdom (Northwick, near Birmingham).

With these units, Air Liquide has doubled its biomethane production capacity, which now stands at 60 MW, the equivalent of 500 GWh for a full year of production.

The new biomethane production unit in the United States is located in the Northeast Mississippi Landfill (NEML) site. This is the first large-scale unit built by Air Liquide in the United States. It purifies the biogas that results from household waste treatment sites and transforms it into biomethane.

In Europe, the units purify the biogas from farm waste and transform it into biomethane. Part of this biomethane is used for trucks fueled by bio-NGV (Natural Gas for Vehicles), a clean non-fossil fuel with no fine particulates emissions. via Air Liquide doubles its biomethane production capacity

Malmberg wins new biogas contract in Denmark in Latest Biomethane News

Malmberg has won its first biogas upgrade project in Italy. To the customer HERAmbiente S.p.A, which today has an existing composting plant in Sant Agata (BO), will be supplemented with treatment and digestion of 135,000 tonnes of food waste per year. Biomethane will be produced using Malmberg Compact® GR 20R. via Malmberg wins new biogas contract in Denmark.

New UK biofuel targets take effect April 15 2018

Encouraging biomethane news has been announced in the U.K. The new Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation came into force on April 15, requiring fuel companies to nearly triple the amount of renewable fuel they supply by 2032, introducing a new incentive for the production of fuels from waste, and bringing in new transportation sectors, such as aviation.

According to the U.K. Department for Transport, changes to the RTFO will require owners of transport fuel who supply at least 450,000 liters (118,877 gallons) per year to ensure the mix is at least 12.4 percent biofuel by 2032. The industry is currently only expected to meet a target of 4.75 percent biofuel. An intermediate target of 9.75 percent is also set for 2020.

The regulations also set an additional target for advanced waste-based renewable fuels that starts at 0.1 percent in 2019 and increases to 2.8 percent by 2032.

An initial cap of 4 percent crop-based biofuels is set for 2018. The cap is reduced annually from 2021 to reach 3 percent in 2026 and 2 percent in 2032.

In addition, the regulations bring renewable aviation fuels and renewable fuels of non-biological origin into the scheme.

The U.K. government is also challenging the sector to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emission by 6 percent by 2020. That reduction, when coupled with the RTFO changes, is expected to support the U.K.’s low carbon fuel industry while helping to makes its transport sector more sustainable.

“This is an exciting time for renewable transport,” said Nina Skorupska, chief executive of the REA. “These new regulations will fire the starting gun on the U.K.’s development of novel fuels for aviation and other forms of transport which are hard to decarbonize, and build on our leadership position in the production of renewable fuels for road transport.”

“The prospects are great for increasing the amount of renewable gas used for fueling heavy goods vehicles,” added John Baldwin, chair of REA’s Biogas Group. “Running these HGVs on green gas reduces carbon emissions by almost 90 percent, plus it reduces particulates, NOx and noise.

“Fleet operators such as Waitrose and Asda are already converting to renewable gas, their drivers love the new vehicles, and these regulations will encourage more fleets to do so in the future,” Baldwin added. via New UK biofuel targets take effect April 15

Global Biomethane Market Attractiveness, Competitive Landscape and Key Players

Questale published a new in-depth industry research that focuses on Global Biomethane market, delivers detailed analysis of market and future prospects of Global Biomethane market. 

The critical and significant data in the study makes the research a very important tool for experts, analysts and managers to get ready-to-access analysis by the industry professionals. 

The research is attached with substantial information in the form of graphs and tables to understand important market trends, drivers and challenges. 

The study is segmented by Application/ end users (Automotive, Electronics, Metal and Machining, Plastic and Polymers, Food and Beverages & Others), products type (Upto 5kg, 5~10 kg & Above 10kg) and various important geographies like China, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, India, Southeast Asia & Australia.  via Future of the Global Biomethane Market – Growth, Latest Trend & Forecast 2022

Biomethane Market to Reach a Valuation of US $2,624.5 Mn by 2025

The front runners in the global biomethane gas market, according to one of the reports by Transparency Market Research, are:
  • CNG Services Ltd., 
  • Planet Biogas Global GmbH, SGN, 
  • Future Biogas Ltd., 
  • VERBIO, 
  • Magne Gas, 
  • Gasrec, 
  • Gazasia Ltd., 
  • Biogas Products Ltd., 
  • Schmack Carbotech GmbH, 
  • EnviTec Biogas AG, 
  • SoCalGas, 
  • ETW Energietechnik GmbH, 
  • ORBITAL, and 
  • JV Energen.

As per estimates of a report by Transparency Market Research, the global biomethane market stood at a valuation of US$1,485.4 mn in 2016 and is expected to reach a valuation of US$2,624.5 mn by 2025 rising at a CAGR of 6.7% between 2017 and 2025.

North America and Europe to Continue Garnerning Significant Market Shares

The segments of the global biomethane market based upon application are automotive sector and power generation. The automotive sector is expected to account for a significant share in the market over the forecast period.

The key regional segments into which the global market for biomethane is divided in this report are North America, Europe, Latin America, Asia Pacific, and the Middle East and Africa. In 2016, North America and Europe held a significant share of the global biomethane market. The trend is expected to continue over the forecast period as well.

Feasibility of Biomethane as an Automobile Fuel Fuels Growth

One of the key growth drivers of the global biomethane market is the green gas characteristic of biomethane. Biomethane is produced by the natural breakdown of organic material, which includes green waste, agricultural waste, food industry waste, household waste, and even industrial waste. The process of production of biomethane involves breaking down of organic matter in an anaerobic environment to produce biogas, which is further purified to produce biomethane. The resultant gas can be used as a vehicle fuel or can be injected into the main gas network to generate green energy.
via Biomethane Market to Reach a Valuation of US $2,624.5 Mn by 2025

Tata Motors develops country’s first biomethane bus

Tata Motors has developed country’s first Bio-CNG (bio-methane) bus which was unveiled recently at a bio-energy programme, ‘Urja Utsav’. The firm, which is India’s largest commercial vehicles manufacturer, said the bio-methane engines could be used in LCV, ICV and MCV buses.

At the Urja Utsav held in Pune’s Shiv Chhatrapati Sports Complex, Tata displayed three engines, along with the lead model — Tata LPO 1613 with 5.7 SGI NA BS-IV IOBD-II compliant bus.

The event, which was organised by the government, was attended by Minister of State (Independent) for Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas Dharmendra Pradhan and MoS (Independent) for Power, Coal, New and Renewable Energy and Mines Piyush Goyal.

“The use of Bio-CNG will contribute in a positive manner to the Smart Cities proposition of keeping them clean and is a good option for wet garbage management,” Head of Commercial Vehicles Business in Tata Motors, Girish Wagh, said in a statement.

Rajendra Petkar, Head of Power System, Engineering said: “The showcase of the Bio-Methane bus is a step towards developing environment-friendly vehicles. Biomethane escapes into the atmosphere unused. If trapped and used in engines, it reduces the net impact on the environment and at the same time produces useful power.” via Tata Motors develops country’s first biomethane bus

We think that after browsing the wide range of news which is bubbling in the biomethane from biogas/ anaerobic digestion sector, you will agree that the future is bright globally for the anaerobic digestion and biomethane industry.