As the world's population continues to grow so will the amount of this type of waste grow, the main source of fish morts is from the aquaculture of fish, such as salmon and trout and that is very much a growth industry globally.
Therefore, it is quite likely that the anaerobic digestion of fish morts will become commonplace in the future.
Fish morts are simply dead fish which have died during fisheries activites, but the fish that die during fish farming aquaculture activities are the main source which we will discuss here.
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Since the Animal By-Products (ABP) Regulations were introduced throughout Europe in the 1990s, it has been much more difficult to use fish mort waste in fishmeal and fish oil production.
In the past fish morts with their highly nutricious content were also used as an ingredient of pet foods, but again ABP Regulations and the concern that pet owner's may prefer not to give their pets any food derived from an unpleasant sounding source, have led to a decline.
Changes in the formulation of pet food products have also contributed. In addition, the old fall-back of landfill disposal is not only unsatisfactory to landfill owners who wish to reduce the organic matter sent to landfill (reduce possible landfill odours etc), but UK Landfill Tax makes it prohibitively costly.
Fish morts would preferably be incinerated if there are suitable facilities not too far away from their source, but again the cost is high. Just like any material which is more abundant than the market to use it, fish waste has little or no value.
It therefore, in principle makes a wonderful low-cost feedstock for anaerobic digestion, as long as the AD Plant is licenced to accept and process ABPs.
So, what could be better than to add it to the feed materials of a Scottish AD plant.
In the following Press Release it is explained how Landia, which is one of the world's leading manufacturers of chopper pumps, propeller mixers, aeration systems and advanced process equipment, is doing just that.
Fish Feedstock Used for AD as Landia Wins Important New Contract
Landia has been awarded an important new turnkey contract in Scotland to supply pumping, mixing, ensiling and pasteurization equipment for fish morts (food waste) that will be utilised as feedstock for an expanding AD plant. The 8m3 pasteurizer, which is fitted with Landia’s side-entry propeller mixer and equally robust dry-installed chopper pump will process the fish morts in accordance with ABP (Animal By-Products) regulations, fully approved by vets.
A 10m3 ensiling tank with an 18.5kW stainless steel long shaft chopper pump will also be designed, manufactured, installed and commissioned by Landia’s team of skilled engineers. This unit recirculates and blends the fish morts into a smooth purée, before being discharged into the pasteurizer. With the fish morts suitably mixed, pumped and pasteurized at 70 degrees Celcius by the Landia equipment, gas yields are forecast to increase significantly at the AD plant.
Landia.co.uk Tel: 0044 1948 661 200As well as its ensilers and pasteurizers, Landia also supplies the acclaimed GasMix AD digester mixing system and has just launched BioBuster, a new, non-pumping pre-treatment unit for AD feedstocks with high dry matter content. Engineered to last, Landia’s AD and food waste/fish processing waste equipment is based upon a wealth of experience, developed since the company’s first agricultural slurry pump when it began trading in 1933, going on to create the world’s first chopper pump in 1950.
Practicalities of Recycling Food Waste from Fish Morts Using Anaerobic DigestionWastes like fish waste (food waste) need to be macerated (chopped up) by pre-treating the fish morts waste before it is pumped into the biogas reactor.
In the example above, fish waste is pre-treated into a purée by the system before it is pumped into the biogas reactor, this requires the specialist equipment that only companies like Landia can provide.
Food waste of this type is capable of producing high biogas yields, but to achieve this the viscous material needs to be well-mixed while in the biogas reactor, and this works best when specialist mixers are also used, such as the Landia GasMix.